Khovd Aimag is a world apart, where snow-clad peaks feed torrential rivers, breaking out of high mountains to feed land-locked lakes, fresh then salty, in the huge hot Lakes Depression of Western Mongolia. Khovd Aimag covers 76,100 square kilometers, and has 90,000 inhabitants. The administrative center is Khovd on Buyant valley, 1,405 meters above sea level, 1,425 kilometers west of Ulaanbaatar.
The Khovd River rises in the permanent snows of Tavan Bogd Uul and flows 516 kilometers into the lake of Khar Us Nuur. The main tributaries are the Tsagaan River and Sagsai River. The Khovd River supports special fish, such as the Khovd Umber and other species.
Large land-locked lake
Khar Us Nuur is one of the largest lakes of Mongolia. The lake covers 1,153 square kilometers, being 72 kilometers wide. An island is in the lake. Mongolian Grayling – unique in the World – and other rare fish are present.
Mountain with eternal snow
Tsambagarav Uul is a large mountain with eternal snow on the border of Khovd Aimag and Bayan – Ulgii Aimag. Sometimes called “snow 3 mountains”, its elevation is 4,195 meters above sea level.
This is steppe, in the valley of the lake of Khar-Us Nuur, encompassing the territory of several Soums on Khovd Aimag.
It is a cave 25 kilometers west of the center of Mankhan Soum, on the western slope of a mountain on the West Bank of the Tsenkher River. The cave is about 20 meters high and was inhabited 40,000 – 12,000 years ago in the Paleolithic Era. The paint pigment is composed of red and brown earths. Soot from smoke also covers the walls and roof of the cave.
It is part of the main chain of the Mongol Altai Mountain Range, extending 100 kilometers from northwest to southeast.
Munhkhairkhan Uul has eternal snow and glaciers covering an area of 200 square kilometers. The highest peak is Tavan Khumst that attains 4,205 meters above sea level.
It is a sacred head of stone at an altitude of 1,941 meters above sea level, on the border of Uyench and Bulgan Soum. It is one of the 13 scared heaps of stones erected by Togruut. The Kharuul Ovoo is about 25 meters high and 50 meters in diameter. There is a temprory port “Yarant” to China in Bulgan soum.
Myangan Ugalzat National Park
This national park is part of the Mongol Altai Mountain Range. It was placed under protection in 2002.